Very Low Mass Binaries Archive

This page last updated on Friday, August 18, 2006.

This Archive contains an uptodate list of all the stellar binary systems with total estimated mass < 0.2 M_solar known in the literature. It targets both theorists and observers interested in understanding the empirical data of this subject. In most cases binary parameters are extracted directly from refereed journals referenced in the Table. Additional background information can be found in:

Not Alone: Tracing the Origins of Very Low Mass Stars and Brown Dwarfs Through Multiplicity Studies (Burgasser, A. J., Reid, I. N., Siegler, N., Close, L., Allen, P., Lowrance, P., Gizis, J. 2006, chapter in Protostars and Planets V) (Download in postscript, PDF)

Relevant figures and figure captions: Mass Ratio Distribution, Separation Distribution, Spectral Type Combination Distribution.

Please send suggestions, corrections, and updates to nsiegler at as.arizona.edu. I'm in the process of providing more complete references. If this table has been useful in your research, we suggest an acknowledgment of the form "This publication has made use of the VLM Binaries Archive maintained by Nick Siegler at http://paperclip.as.arizona.edu/~nsiegler/VLM_binaries/.

References

(1) Basri & Martin(1999);
(2) Kenworthy et al.(2001);
(3) Lane et al.(2001);
(4) Bouy et al.(2003);
(5) Burgasser et al.(2003);
(6) Potter et al.(2002);
(7) Reid et al.(2001);
(8) Reid et al.(2002);
(9) Siegler et al.(2003);
(10) Freed, Close, & Siegler(2003);
(11) Martin, Brandner, & Basri(1999);
(12) Koerner et al.(1999);
(13) Gizis et al.(2003);
(14) Martin et al.(2003);
(15) White et al.(2006);
(16) McCaughrean et al.(2004);
(17) Close et al.(2003);
(18) Leinert et al.(2001);
(19) Martin et al.(2000);
(20) Bouy et al.(2004);
(21) Luhman(2004);
(22) Chauvin et al.(2004);
(23) Siegler et al.(2005);
(24) Liu & Leggett(2005);
(25) Golimowski et al. 2004, AJ, 127, 3516;
(26) Goto et al.(2002);
(27) Billeres et al.(2005);
(28) Guenther & Wuchterl(2003);
(29) Kraus, White, & Hillenbrand(2006);
(30) Burgasser, Kirkpatrick, & Lowrance(2005);
(31) Forveille et al.(2005);
(32) Reid, Lewitus, Burgasser & Cruz 2006, ApJ, 639, 1114;
(33) Martin et al.(2000b);
(34) Mamajek(2005);
(35) Leggett et al.(2002);
(36) van Altena, Lee, & Hoffleit(1995);
(37) Henry et al.(2005);
(38) Tinney, Burgasser, & Kirkpatrick(2003);
(39) Kirkpatrick et al.(2000);
(40) ESA 1997;
(41) Dahn et al.(2002);
(42) Gizis et al.(2000);
(43) Cruz et al.(2003);
(44) Whitett et al.(1997);
(45) de Zeeuw et al.(1999);
(46) Kraus et al.(2006);
(47) Percival, Salaris, & Groenewegen(2005);
(48) Stephens et al.(2001);
(49) Perryman et al.(1997);
(50) Wilson et al.(2001);
(51) Dahn et al.(1999);
(52) Kirkpatrick et al.(1999);
(53) Gizis et al.(2000b);
(54) Delfosse et al.(1997);
(55) Martin, Basri, & Brandner(1999);
(56) van Altena(1995);
(57) Casey et al.(1998);
(58) Kendall et al.(2004);
(59) McGovern (2005);
(60) Martin, Rebolo, & Zapaterio-Osorio(1996);
(61) Dahm & Martin(2003);
(62) Stauffer, Schultz, & Kirkpatrick(1998);
(63) Chauvin et al.(2005);
(64) Wichmann et al.(1998);
(65) Bertout et al.(1999);
(66) Burgasser & McElwain 2006, AJ, 131, 1007;
(67) McElwain & Burgasser(2006);
(68) Burgasser et al. 2005, ApJ, 634, L177;
(69) Burgasser et al. 2006, ApJ, in press;
(70) Vrba et al. 2004, AJ, 127, 2948;
(71) Geballe et al.(2002);
(72) McLean et al.(2003);
(73) Burgasser et al.(2002);
(74) Leinert et al.(2000);
(75) Zapatero-Osorio et al.(2004);
(76) Probst & Liebert(1983);
(77) Reid et al.(2000);
(78) Leibert, Boroson, & Giampapa(1984);
(79) Ruiz, Leggett, & Allard(1997);
(80) Seifahrt et al.(2005);
(81) Martin et al.(2005);
(82) Bouy, priv comm(2005);
(83) Golimowski et al. 2004, AJ, 128, 1733;
(84) Tinney(1996);
(85) Stassun et al.(2005);
(86) VLM Binaries Archive;
(87) Reid, Lewitus, Allen, Cruz, & Burgasser 2006, AJ, 132, 891;
(88) Gizis et al.(2002);
(89) Cruz et al.(submitted);
(90) Burgasser et al.(2002);
(91) Burgasser et al.(1999);
(92) Ardila, Martin, & Basri(2000);
(93) Reid, Cruz, et al.(in prep);
(94) Brandner et al.(2004);
(95) Briceno et al.(1998);
(96) Loinard et al.(2005);
(97) Joergens(2005);
(98) Liu et al.(2006);
(99) Law, Hodgkin, & Mackay(submitted);
(100) Biller et al.(2006);
(101) Henry et al. 2004, AJ, 128, 2460;
(102) Burgasser et al. 2004, AJ, 127, 2856;
(103) Jayawardhana & Ivanon 2006, Science, 10.1126/science.1132128;
(104) Jayawardhana & Ivanon 2006, ApJ, in press;
(105) de Geus, de Zeeuw, & Lub 1989, A&A, 216, 44;