Very Low Mass Binaries Archive

This page last updated on Tuesday, July 28, 2009. There are currently 99 VLM binaries listed.

This Archive contains an up-to-date list of all the stellar (and sub-stellar) binary systems with total estimated mass < 0.2 M_solar known in the literature. It targets both theorists and observers interested in understanding the empirical data of this subject. In most cases binary parameters are extracted directly from refereed journals referenced in the Table. Additional background information can be found in:

Not Alone: Tracing the Origins of Very-Low-Mass Stars and Brown Dwarfs Through Multiplicity Studies (Burgasser, A. J., Reid, I. N., Siegler, N., Close, L., Allen, P., Lowrance, P., Gizis, J. 2006, chapter in Protostars and Planets V) (Download in postscript, PDF)

Please send suggestions, corrections, and updates to nicholas.siegler at jpl.nasa.gov. If time, I will link the star names to ADS. If this table has been useful in your research, we suggest an acknowledgment of the form "This publication has made use of the Very-Low-Mass Binaries Archive housed at http://www.vlmbinaries.org and maintained by Nick Siegler, Chris Gelino, and Adam Burgasser."

References

(1) Basri & Martin (1999) AJ, 118, 2460;
(2) Kenworthy et al. (2001) ApJ, 554, L67;
(3) Lane et al. (2001) ApJ, 560, 390;
(4) Bouy et al. (2003) AJ, 126, 1526;
(5) Burgasser et al. (2003) ApJ, 586, 512;
(6) Potter et al. (2002) ApJ, 567, L133;
(7) Reid et al. (2001) AJ, 121, 489;
(8) Reid et al. (2002) AJ, 124, 519;
(9) Siegler et al. (2003) ApJ, 598, 1265;
(10) Freed, Close, & Siegler (2003) ApJ, 584, 453;
(11) Martin, Brandner, & Basri (1999) Science, 283, 1718;
(12) Koerner et al. (1999) ApJ, 526, L25;
(13) Gizis et al. (2003) AJ, 125, 3302;
(14) Martin et al. (2003) ApJ, 594, 525;
(15) Kendall et al. (2007) MNRAS, 374, 445;
(16) McCaughrean et al. (2004), A&A, 413, 1029;
(17) Close et al. (2003) ApJ, 587, 407;
(18) Leinert et al. (2001), A&A, 367, 183;
(19) Martin et al. (2000) ApJ, 543, 299;
(20) Bouy et al. (2004) A&A, 424, 213;
(21) Luhman (2004) ApJ, 614, 398;
(22) Chauvin et al. (2004), A&A, 524, L29;
(23) Siegler et al. (2005) ApJ, 621, 1023;
(24) Liu & Leggett (2005) ApJ, 634, 616;
(25) Montagnier et al. (2006) A&A, 460L, 19;
(26) Goto et al. (2002) ApJ, 567, L59;
(27) Billeres et al. (2005) A&A, 440, L55;
(28) Guenther & Wuchterl (2003) A&A, 401, 677;
(29) Kraus, White, & Hillenbrand (2005) ApJ, 633, 452;
(30) Burgasser, Kirkpatrick, & Lowrance (2005) AJ 129, 2849;
(31) Forveille et al. (2005) A&A, 435, L5;
(32) Reid et al. (2006) ApJ, 639, 1114;
(33) Martin et al. (2000) ApJ, 529, L37;
(34) Mamajek (2005) ApJ, 634, 1385;
(35) Leggett et al. (2002), MNRAS, 332, 78;
(36) van Altena, Lee, & Hoffleit (1995) Yale Trignometic Parallaxes;
(38) Tinney, Burgasser, & Kirkpatrick (2003) AJ 126, 975;
(39) Kirkpatrick et al. (2000) AJ, 120, 447;
(41) Dahn et al. (2002) AJ, 124, 1170;
(42) Gizis et al. (2000) AJ, 120, 1085;
(43) Cruz et al. (2003) AJ, 126, 2421;
(44) Whitett et al. (1997) A&A, 327, 1194;
(45) de Zeeuw et al. (1999) AJ, 117, 354;
(46) Kraus, White, & Hillenbrand (2006) ApJ, 649, 306;
(47) Percival, Salaris, & Groenewegen (2005) A&A, 429, 887;
(48) Stephens et al. (2001) ApJ, 556, L97;
(49) The Hipparcos Catalogue, ESA 1997;
(50) Wilson et al. (2001) AJ, 122, 1989;
(52) Kirkpatrick et al. (1999) ApJ, 519, 802;
(53) Gizis et al. (2000) MNRAS, 311, 385;
(54) Delfosse et al. (1997) A&A, 327, L25;
(57) Casey et al. (1998) AJ, 115, 1617;
(58) Kendall et al. (2004) A&A, 416, L17;
(59) McGovern (2005) PhD Thesis;
(60) Martin, Rebolo, & Zapaterio-Osorio (1996) ApJ, 469, 706;
(61) Dahm & Martin (2003) Cool Stars 12, pp 634-640;
(62) Stauffer, Schultz, & Kirkpatrick (1998) ApJ, 499, L199;
(63) Chauvin et al. (2005) A&A, 438, L25;
(64) Wichmann et al. (1998) MNRAS, 301, L39;
(65) Bertout et al. (1999) A&A, 352, 574;
(66) Burgasser & McElwain (2006) AJ, 131, 1007;
(67) McElwain & Burgasser (2006) AJ, 132, 2074;
(68) Burgasser et al. (2005) ApJ, 634, L177;
(69) Burgasser et al. (2006) ApJS, 166, 585;
(70) Vrba et al. (2004) AJ, 127, 2948;
(71) Geballe et al. (2002) ApJ, 564, 466;
(72) McLean et al. (2003) ApJ, 596, 561;
(73) Burgasser et al. (2002) ApJ, 564, 421;
(74) Leinert et al.(2000) A&A, 353, 691;
(75) Zapatero Osorio et al. (2004) ApJ, 615, 958;
(76) Probst & Liebert (1983) ApJ, 274, 245;
(78) Leibert, Boroson, & Giampapa (1984) ApJ, 282, 758;
(79) Ruiz, Leggett, & Allard (1997) ApJ, 491, L107;
(80) Seifahrt et al. (2005) A&A, 440, 967;
(83) Golimowski et al. (2004) AJ, 128, 1733;
(84) USNO-B Catalog, Monet et al. (2003) AJ, 125, 984;
(85) Stassun et al. (2005) Nature, 440, 311;
(87) Reid et al. (2006) AJ, 132, 891;
(89) Cruz et al. (2007) AJ, 133, 39;
(91) Burgasser et al. (1999) ApJ, 522, L65;
(92) Ardila, Martin, & Basri (2000) AJ, 120, 479;
(93) Reid, Cruz, & Allen (2007) AJ, 133, 2825;
(94) Brandner et al. (2004) A&A, 428, 205;
(95) Briceno et al. (1998) AJ, 115, 2074;
(97) Joergens (2006) A&A, 446, 1165;
(98) Liu et al. (2006) ApJ, 647, 1393;
(99) Law, Hodgkin, & Mackay (2006) MNRAS, 368, 1917;
(100) Biller et al. (2006) ApJ, 641, L141;
(101) Henry et al. (2004) AJ, 128, 2460;
(102) Burgasser et al. (2004) AJ, 127, 2856;
(103) Jayawardhana & Ivanov (2006) Science, 313, 1279;
(104) Jayawardhana & Ivanov (2006) ApJ, 647, L167;
(105) de Geus, de Zeeuw, & Lub (1989) A&A, 216, 44;
(106) Close et al. (2007) ApJ, 660, 1492;
(107) Martin et al. (1998) ApJ, 509, 113;
(108) Burgasser et al. (2007) ApJ, 658, 557;
(109) Reid et al. (2003) AJ, 126, 3007;
(110) Allers et al. (2006) ApJ, 644, 364;
(111) Caballero (2007) A&A, 462, L61;
(112) Basri et al. (2000) ApJ, 538, 363;
(113) Mohanty & Basri (2003) ApJ, 583, 451;
(114) Siegler et al. (2007), AJ, 133, 2320;
(115) Martin et al. (2006) A&A, 456, 253;
(116) Artigau et al. (2007) ApJ, 659, L49;
(117) Burgasser (2007) AJ, 134, 1330;
(118) Kasper et al. (2007) A&A, 471, 655;
(119) Henry et al. (2006) AJ, 132, 2360;
(121) Luhman (2007) ApJS, 173, 104;
(122) Radigan et al. (2009) ApJ, 698, 405;
(123) Joergens & Mueller (2007) ApJ, 666, L113;
(124) Bejar et al. (2008) ApJ, 673, L185;
(125) Burgasser & Blake (2009) AJ, 137, 4621;
(126) Luhman et al. (2009) ApJ, 691, 1265;
(127) Dupuy, Liu, & Ireland (2009) ApJ, 699, 168;
(128) Kirkpatrick, Henry, & Simons (1995) AJ, 109, 797;
(129) Pravdo & Shaklan (2009) ApJ, 700, 623;
(130) Liu at el. (2008) ApJ, 689, 436;
(131) Artigau et al. (2009) ApJ, 692, 149;
(133) Looper et al. (2008) ApJ, 685, 1183;
(134) Burgasser et al. (2008) ApJ, 681 579;
(135) Dahn et al. (2008) ApJ, 686, 548;
(136) Reiners & Basri (2006) AJ, 131, 1806;
(137) Bennett et al. (2008) ApJ, 684, 663;
(138) Reid et al. (2008) AJ, 135, 580;
(139) Blake et al. (2008) ApJ, 678, L125;
(140) Konopacky et al. (2007) ApJ, 663, 394;
(141) Guieu et al. (2006) A&A, 446, 485;
(142) Caballero (2007) ApJ, 667, 520;
(143) Mugrauer, Seifahrt, & Neuhauser (2007), MNRAS, 378, 1328;
(144) Simon, Bender, & Prato (2006) ApJ, 664, 1183;