## Chapter 32. Synchronized Y-axis

32.1. Creating two scales

The purpose of this chapter is to show how one can have one set of data displayed with two different scales that are still synchronized meaning that the tick marks are at identical positions.

One classic example of when this can be useful is to show temperature in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Figure 32.1. Synchronized y and y2 scales `(y2synch.php)` below illustrates what we would like to accomplish.

Figure 32.1. Synchronized y and y2 scales `(y2synch.php)` ## Creating two scales

Normally the auto scaling puts tick marks at "nice" positions that for example are multiples of 5,2,10 and so on. This would mean that it seems like the graph in Figure 32.1. Synchronized y and y2 scales `(y2synch.php)` with tick positions at 59 F and 68 F can not be auto scaled.

The simplest method of creating two scales as in the example above is to add a secondary Y-axis, add the same plot to that axis. This would then mean that the two axes would be identical. The magic now happens in the last step when we add a format callback method to the second Y-axis. This format callback will be applied to each label. All we have to do now is create a callback function that does the proper scale conversion.

This way also means that we have too chose one of the scales as the "master" which will be auto scaled with tick positions at "nice" intervals.

### Caution

For the second scale one can add the same plot or one could create a new plot from the same data set. If the data set to be plotted is very large it can be advantageous to create a new plot and set the line weight to 0 (zero). This way the line will not actually be plotted and that plot time is eliminated.

The script to create the graph in Figure 32.1. Synchronized y and y2 scales `(y2synch.php)` is given below.

Example 32.1.  (`y2synch.php`)

 ```1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 ``` ```SetMargin(50,60,40,45); \$graph->SetMarginColor('white'); // Setup the scales for X,Y and Y2 axis \$graph->SetScale("intlin"); // X and Y axis \$graph->SetY2Scale("lin"); // Y2 axis // Overall graph title \$graph->title->Set('Synchronized Y & Y2 scales'); \$graph->title->SetFont(FF_ARIAL,FS_BOLD,12); // Title for X-axis \$graph->xaxis->title->Set('Measurement'); \$graph->xaxis->title->SetMargin(5); \$graph->xaxis->title->SetFont(FF_ARIAL,FS_NORMAL,11); // Create Y data set \$lplot = new LinePlot(\$datay); \$graph->yaxis->title->Set('Celcius (C)'); \$graph->yaxis->title->SetMargin(5); \$graph->yaxis->title->SetFont(FF_ARIAL,FS_NORMAL,11); // ... and add the plot to the Y-axis \$graph->Add(\$lplot); // Create Y2 scale data set \$l2plot = new LinePlot(\$datay); \$l2plot->SetWeight(0); \$graph->y2axis->title->Set('Fahrenheit (F)'); \$graph->y2axis->title->SetMargin(5); // Some extra margin to clear labels \$graph->y2axis->title->SetFont(FF_ARIAL,FS_NORMAL,11); \$graph->y2axis->SetLabelFormatCallback('toFahrenheit'); \$graph->y2axis->SetColor('navy'); // ... and add the plot to the Y2-axis \$graph->AddY2(\$l2plot); \$graph->Stroke(); ?>```

The same principle will also work with othrr plot variants, for example bar plots. By making the first plot an instance of `class BarPlot` the graph in Figure 32.2. Using a barplot with two different scales `(y2synch2.php)` can be created.

Figure 32.2. Using a barplot with two different scales `(y2synch2.php)` 